Jean-Michel Devernay is a former chief hydropower specialist at the World Bank. Before joining the World Bank in 2012, he worked for 33 years for Electricité de France (EDF), managing worldwide hydropower activities. He is an honorary member of the International Hydropower Association of which he was a vice president from 1999 until 2012. He also was a lead author of the IPCC’s 2011 Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation. In 2014 he was listed by Water Power as one of the 10 most influential people in the hydropower sector. He is now an independent expert.