Resettlement processes are challenging in the best of circumstances, and present real risks to project implementation. Hard lessons have been learned in situations where responsibility for aspects of resettlement are left to third parties.
In other cases, prescriptive legislative requirements such as cash compensation measures required in certain countries can lead to a deterioration of livelihoods.
This puts pressure on developers, who are often required to act as vehicles for local development, taking on responsibilities that would normally fall on other stakeholders.
Clear resettlement strategies that enable stakeholders to implement project-tailored resettlement programmes that not only compensate for the impacts of resettlement, but also improve affected livelihoods go some way to ameliorating the risks in such situations.
Our work on resettlement
The Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Protocol addresses the topic of resettlement, and provides guidance on basic and best practices in hydropower development.
The protocol was developed by a multi-stakeholder forum managed by the International Hydropower Association (IHA), and following its development, it is currently governed by a multi-stakeholder council (the Hydropower Sustainability Council).
The governing body of the tool, and in particular the representatives of social non-governmental organisations involved in the process, continues to address and research critical social issues like resettlement.
In parallel, IHA manages a knowledge-based database of protocol assessment results, including resettlement. This research and knowledge based building aims to improve understanding of resettlement challenges, and to help formulate case studies of best practices in this area.
Latest associated content
The 2015 Hydropower Status Report is now available for download, providing comprehensive insights into new global developments in the sector, statistics on new installed capacity, detailed regional analysis, and more.Type:News postDate:1 September 2015
Let me begin with a story. In the 1930s, the US Bureau of Reclamation had a very ambitious plan to divert water resources from the western slope of the Colorado Rockies to the dryer eastern slope.Type:Blog postDate:19 August 2015
Hydropower generation has always dominated the Brazilian energy matrix. It stands out from other sources due to its low cost and intrinsic characteristics.Type:Blog postDate:6 August 2015
We are pleased to announce the results of the election of the IHA Board to serve for the period to October 2017.Type:News postDate:31 July 2015
María Isabel Gómez Ochoa is sustainable development manager at Empresas Públicas de Medellín (EPM) in Colombia. In this interview, she discusses the company's approach to climate change, and how hydropower can contribute to manaType:Blog postDate:29 July 2015