Brazil has the largest installed hydropower capacity in South America, with two thirds of the continent’s total capacity.
In 2018, Brazil overtook the United States as the world's second largest hydropower producer by installed capacity.
The hydropower sector makes up two-thirds of total Brazilian energy capacity and meets more than three-quarters of electricity demand.
Large hydropower remains the major source of electricity supply, with other renewable energies representing about 10 per cent.
The sector, which is mainly publicly owned, has struggled financially in recent years.
Wind, solar and small hydro (defined as less than 50 MW in Brazil) have increased their share of the power mix since energy sector reforms enacted in 2012.
Read our detailed country profile in the 2018 Hydropower Status Report.