2020 Hydropower Status Report
The 2020 Hydropower Status Report presents latest worldwide installed capacity and generation data, key trends and insights from the hydropower sector.
Now in its seventh edition, this year's report shows electricity generation hit a record 4,306 terawatt hours (TWh) in 2019, the single greatest contribution from a renewable energy source in history.
The publication features a special report on the impact of the Covid-19 crisis on the hydropower sector. The report finds:
- Global hydropower installed capacity reached 1,308 gigawatts (GW) in 2019, as 50 countries completed greenfield and upgrade projects, including pumped storage.
- A total of 15.6 GW in installed capacity was added in 2019, down on the 21.8 GW recorded in 2018. This represents a 2019 rise of 1.2 per cent.
- India has overtaken Japan as the fifth largest world hydropower producer with its total installed capacity now standing at over 50 GW.
- The countries with the highest increases in 2019 were Brazil (4.92 GW), China (4.17 GW) and Laos (1.89 GW).
- The region to add the most capacity was East Asia and the Pacific, followed by South America and then South and Central Asia.
- Hydropower’s flexibility services have been in high demand during the Covid-19 crisis, while plant operations have been less affected due to the degree of automation in modern facilities.
- Hydropower developments have not been immune to economic impacts however, with the industry facing widespread uncertainty and liquidity shortages which have put financing and refinancing of some projects at risk.
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